There are many types of tyres available in the market these days and it becomes a challenge to understand which one will work best for you. The best way to identify this is to check which tyre types will suit your vehicle and are good for you according to your driving experience. There are different tyre types for hot and cold climates and they have advantages and disadvantages accordingly. Here we have mentioned few tyre types with all their features to help you choose which will be better for your car.
Tyres for all seasons
The all-season tyre is designed to deliver good comfort and handling on the highway as well as it is reliable for all-season traction. They are generally popular for all temperatures and most weather conditions and ideal for travelers.
They are made of a durable rubber that works well in all temperatures. But they are not suitable for areas where the temperature drops below 40F. Some models feature asymmetrical tread pattern for wet weather grip to remove rain and snow but these types may wear down quicker due to the limited rotational patterns.
Tyres for summer
Summer tyres are made for performance in wet and dry conditions but should not be driven on in temperatures below 40F. They have the tread patterns to channel away rain and puddles. They are not designed for all-season traction but are optimized for warm weather and deliver grip and responsive handling in wet or dry conditions.
Many people think all-season tyres are better in all-weather but this is not the case summer tyres are stickier in warm temperatures and designed to grip the road for better handling, traction and fuel economy. Summer tyres generally feature solid contact patches ideal for performance vehicles in warmer climates.
Tyres for winters
Winter tyres are designed to stay soft at cold temperatures and will go bald much faster than summer tyres. They are designed for the best possible traction in harsh winter conditions below 45 degrees. Winter tyres feature deeper tread patterns with spikes or thousands of micro slits to expel snow.
There are two main types of winter tyres studded and non-studded. Studded feature small studs or pins to deliver traction on icy surfaces are designed for harshest weather conditions. non-studded tyres have no studs but are designed for traction in winter conditions and provide reasonable grip on ice. These winter tyres are specifically designed for snow and if you will drive them on bare roads they will wear out quickly and increase fuel consumption. These are required by people who see snow and unplowed roads in winter.
Grand Touring tyres are designed to deliver a comfortable ride in all-season traction. They generally have a higher speed rating with more responsive handling because they have an asymmetrical tread pattern. Cars such as sports and sedans require enhanced handling capabilities with more performance than comfort.
Low rolling resistance
Low rolling resistance tyres are used to improve fuel economy. In addition to natural and synthetic rubber compounds, silica is added to reduce the resistance of rolling. This overcoming the resistance of the tyre flexing can increase the fuel economy by 1 to 2 miles per gallon. The design of these tyres is generally suitable for all moderate weather conditions they have shallower treads to reduce rolling resistance and considered in the same category as all-season tyres.
Track and competition tyres
Track and completion tyres are similar to street performance tyres and designed to deliver performance. They are rarely used for daily driving and provide constant road contact in dry conditions. They have a different construction with high tech body and sidewall reinforcements designed for extreme performance generally used for amateur track days or professional competitions.
These are some of the tyres commonly used in the cars before you go for tyre shopping do some research and check what you really need. This depends on the type of driving you do and the conditions you drive in. This also gives the sales representative an idea of where to direct you. If you have a good idea of what you need it means your return on investment is going to be even better.